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Poultry eco-breeding mode what?

Date:2017-11-28 Author: Click:

In recent years, with the rapid development of aquaculture and the intensification of intensification, a large amount of livestock excrement and wastes have directly or indirectly entered the atmosphere, water bodies and soil, resulting in serious pollution of the surrounding environment. The development of animal husbandry and aquaculture is a good way for the sustainable and healthy development of aquaculture. Livestock and poultry breeding means to plan, design, organize, adjust and manage the production of livestock and poultry according to the principle of ecology and applying systematic engineering methods so as to maintain and improve the ecological environment quality, maintain the ecological balance, and maintain the livestock and poultry breeding industry Coordinated and sustainable development of production. Ecological aquaculture is in accordance with the "overall, coordination, recycling, regeneration" principle, planting and raising combine to protect natural resources and maintain ecological balance. The following livestock and poultry manufacturers in Hubei to introduce six kinds of livestock and poultry eco-farming methods, learn together.

1. Geese - fish - fruit - grass ecological farming

Geese - fish - fruit - grass eco-farming model is mainly goose, combined with fish ponds, shrimp, fruit trees, vegetables and other crops, goose excrement through the accumulation of fermentation as a fruit tree, pasture and vegetable land organic fertilizer. Orchard grass can be grazing goose, grass feeding geese and fish; goose stocking in fish ponds, clean feathers, improve disease resistance, goose feces can increase fish, shrimp feed, while geese swimming in the water can be aerobic, reaching Goose - fish - fruit - grass and other win-win effect. The formation of "grass, grass goose, goose manure, feed the fish," the livestock and poultry "biological chain" goose - fish - fruit - grass ecological farming, access to significant economic, ecological and social benefits.

2 chicken - rice rotation for ecological farming

Chicken - rice rotation ecological farming model, usually two batches of chicken each year, a quarter of rice in the form. Generally choose convenient water supply, good drainage, soil, water pollution-free farmland, build a simple chicken shed. Introduced in mid-October Miao chicken, fixed chickens for 1 month. After the harvest of farmland paddy, the flocks will be moved to the farmhouses for keeping. Breeding methods can be shed shed and farm shed stocking combined, about 110 days (second year from late January to mid-February) slaughter, the second batch of chickens arranged the following year, after the sale, the removal of the shed in the stool And sundries, removal of mobile shelters or shelter cover, retention of shed steel skeletons, planting single season late rice. The greatest advantage of this model is that farmland can be rationally utilized, and chicken manure and waste can be effectively treated to achieve a virtuous circle of agricultural production.

3. Three Park ecological chicken mode

Three Park ecological chicken mode, the general choice of a certain traffic conditions, there is a clean water garden (orchards, tea gardens, bamboo garden), set the fence (civil construction, Wai, bamboo Wai), a height of 2.5-3m. Use bamboo pole, steel frame, etc. to build simple plastic shed. Simple and stable shelter to facilitate the disassembly is appropriate, large venues, it is best to take regular rotation of the site feeding, which is conducive to the original breeding shed and venues for disinfection, conducive to plowing and other orchards, manure and grass growth, but also Prevent the spread of disease among chickens. Breeding chicken hybrid soil is appropriate, combined with the use of pests and chicken. The advantage of using this method is that it can significantly reduce the input of infrastructure and reduce the cost of keeping, and the broilers produced have the advantages of less pollution, good meaty flavor and higher profit.

4 chicken (watermelon) rotation for ecological farming mode

 Choose high terrain, irrigation row well, soil water pollution-free plots. Arrange to plant 2 batches of watermelon, raise a group of chickens. Summer watermelon: New Year's Day before and after the nursery, transplanting in early February to the greenhouse, picked in late June; autumn watermelon: nursery early in June, transplanted to the greenhouse in early July, pick in mid-October; Chicken shed, the introduction of seedlings in mid-September, brood room (fixed homes) broodstock, moved to the greenhouse in mid-October, and with the stocking combination. The use of watermelon greenhouses, on the one hand the greenhouses can make use of idle time for raising chickens to reduce the construction costs of chicken coop and save feed costs, but less disease, high survival rate, fast growth, low cost of breeding, but also can be relocated at any time, Does not affect land use, chicken manure can be directly used as organic fertilizer, increase soil fertility.

5. Rice and duck co-cultivation mode of ecological farming

This farming mode, generally in the transplanting 7-14d rice, just when the rice seedling turn green tillering, feeding 1-2 weeks of ducklings (use half muscovy ducks or duck), per mu into the 12- 15 ducklings, but also according to the amount of paddy field weeds and pests increase or decrease the appropriate number of stocking. When stocking 1-2-week-old ducklings, it is best to mix 2-3-ducklings and 4-week-old ducklings per acre to alert the police and lead the duck when approached by foreign enemies. To 8-10 acres for a group, the number of each control 100-120 feathers around. In the early stages of the young ducklings into the paddy, may be appropriate to feed some broken rice, broken wheat and other supplementary feed, when the paddy into full heading filling period, the ducks out of the rice fields.

6. Duck co-breeding ecological farming model

Use this farming model, the fence can be used fencing Wai and white piles, fencing nets or mesh with smaller fishnet, the length of the pile or bamboo pile to 1.2-1.5m, each sieve unit Field area of 8-12 acres as well, the density of ducks per acre of 15-20 pigeons, after brooding young duck (half Muscovy duck suitable) to the wild Bai Tian, put the time due to different white varieties vary , Autumn 茭 survive transplanted (about 20d to 1 month after planting into), usually from late August to early September. Double season 茭 white fields, generally put in late May. Duck 茭 Bai Tian planting spacing, spacing due to 茭 white varieties vary, the appropriate spacing for Muscovy duck feeding activities, do not waste the field. In 茭 Pak Tin to maintain a certain water layer, and can stocking the right amount of green duck, both as a supplementary feed Muscovy duck, but also increase 茭 Pak Tin organic fertilizer. Late stocking should be supplemented with appropriate feed to ensure the growth of ducks. When 60% of Nao Tian 孕 white pregnant 茭, or 茭 white field insecticide, the ducks should be promptly rushed to other plots or sheds to prevent injury duck.

Production practice shows that vigorously developing poultry eco-farming mode relying on resource conditions can make agriculture and animal husbandry closely combine, promote each other and develop together to achieve a virtuous cycle of agricultural production, which is worthy of implementation. The relevant departments at present have to study and develop some suitable technologies according to local needs in light of the needs of production and development. Secondly, we must focus on ecological farming and green culture, increase demonstration and promotion, and continuously expand the application of advanced and applicable technologies.

Understand the mode of ecological farming, is not the market's eggs more assured of it! Advances in science and technology have improved people's quality of life and we can see from this aspect.



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